Rainbow Line

~  Archaic Iron & Copper Smelters in America  ~

When Neolithic Miners Traveled the High Seas

Ancient Man-Made Stones

In archaic and neolithic times in the Americas, people often made their own stones for retaining walls and buildings. The above and below images show that these stone walls might have been made from what appears to have been a form of muddy conglomerate of powdered minerals, quartz, or other ores formed into a thick soup for fill-in forms, similar to a very thick ceramic slip, or cement; then poured into a framework or forms, dried, possibly even petrified by vitrification (fire), then hardened into layered, scroll-like stones. It has also been hypothesized that the stones might be made of sandstone with a melted and poured-in quartz infiltration.

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Being used in a high-heat metal smelter would in itself, over time have caused unblended mineral layers within the stones to become separated just as multitudinous crack-lines and chips form on very old ceramic cooking pots. From the immense heat the stones eventually dried-up, separated, and fell apart in sections. If the separating membranes were made of metal they have become petrified. Or could they actually all be natural stone cells? These extremely rare stones when found, are usually in a wall formation or small broken-off sections.

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These stones were examined and studied by David and Susan Campbell in the early 2000s, and discovered to be walls of a very large archaic, burned-out stone smelter in Oklahoma in the mid-western United States (not a UFO). But unfortunately for historians, the people owning the land did not understand, appreciate, nor want them there, and in spite of many protests had this archaic building, along with all its seemingly hand-built stone walls bull-dozed under the ground.

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Another view of the outer stones, above left. And another view of the inner, incinerated ones on right. The building may have had its hayday during the bronze-age when neolithic metal workers were mining and forging materials out of copper and tin alloys into bronze and brass objects for world trade, possibly even iron objects. They most likely were Phoenicians, who also invented cement. Those same archaic Phoenicians Etruscanscovered their deep circular marina ("island") walls with a metalic plaster of underwater cement whom Socrates, in Plato's Dialogues called oricaulk. This metalic plaster was made with a compound mixture of powdered copper ore which has an aqua hue. Their hayday was also was during the neolithic/bronze-age after the major ice-age melt-downs.

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Both David and and his wife Susan investigated these stones before they were bull-dozed under. Susan Campbell took all the photographs and more which are not shown here. Their interesting first-hand account can be found at this Viewzone Link: Phoenician Stone Walls. More at A Fallen wall - Carpet Stone Floor. See more at More Strange Stones. And more at Close-up View. And Another Close-up.

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At left is David Campbell beside the fallen smelter wall. Above right is part of the collapsed smelter.

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Then there's "Waffle Rock", a large petrified, blob of mud consisting of compressed sandstone and hematite along with a protruding, ancient man-made framework, which became encased in it during some catastrophe. It has all hardened and petrified into stone, and the chunk of "rock/boulder" shown above is a small remnant salvaged before the area was dammed-up to create Jennings Randolph Lake in Mineral County, West Virginia, USA. The chunk sits on the West Virginia Overlook .

The imprinted writing on the horizontal 'wall' of stone appears to be an archaic Pictish-type script.   Archaic Pictish-Style Script.

Ancient Moons Index Below  :

Space Henges Star Ships? Mars Pyramids Mars Structures Mars Faces
Mars Mines Mars Mines 2 Mars Aquaducts Moon Objects 1 Moon Objects 2
Man-Made Stones Petrified Metals Sea Pavilions World Triangles Japan UnderSea
Ancient Giants Ruins Soon Soon Soon Star Flight
UFO Updates Mystery Trees BigFoot Prehistory-Art Mystery..