~  Archaic Iron & Copper Smelters in America  ~

When Neolithic Miners Traveled the High Seas

Ancient Man-Made Stones

In ancient prehistoric and neolithic times in the Americas, people often made their own stones for retaining walls and buildings. The above and below images show that these stone walls might have been made from what appears to have been a form of muddy conglomerate of powdered minerals, quartz, or other ores formed into a thick soup for fill-in forms, similar to a very thick ceramic slip, or cement; then poured into a framework or forms, dried, possibly even petrified by vitrification (fire), then hardened into layered, scroll-like stones. It has also been hypothesized that the stones might be made of sandstone with a melted and poured-in quartz infiltration.

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Being used in a high-heat metal smelter would in itself, over time have caused unblended mineral layers within the stones to become separated just as multitudinous crack-lines and chips form on very old ceramic cooking pots. From the immense heat the stones eventually dried-up, separated, and fell apart in sections. If the separating membranes were made of metal they have become petrified. Or could they actually all be natural stone cells? These extremely rare stones when found, are usually in a wall formation or small broken-off sections.

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These stones were examined and studied by David and Susan Campbell in the early 2000s, and discovered to be walls of a very large archaic, burned-out stone smelter in Oklahoma in the mid-western United States (not a UFO). But unfortunately for historians, the people owning the land did not understand, appreciate, nor want them there, and in spite of protests had this archaic building, along with all its seemingly hand-built stone walls bull-dozed under the ground. It appears it may have had its hayday during the bronze-age when neolithic metal workers were mining and forging materials out of copper and tin alloys into bronze and brass objects for world trade, possibly even iron objects. These people could have been the Achaeans, or Phoenician-Basques, who were also known to have invented cement. The Atlanteans, that is, those same archaic Phoenician-Basques covered their deep circular marina's ("island's") walls with a metalic plaster of underwater cement whom Socrates, in Plato's Dialogues called oricaulk. This metalic plaster was made with a compound mixture of powdered copper ore. One wonders if their marinas gleamed like today's aqua-colored swimming pools? Their hayday was also during the neolithic/bronze-age, after the major ice-age melt-downs.

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Both David and and his wife Susan investigated these stones before they were bull-dozed under. Susan Campbell took all the photographs and more which are not shown here. Their interesting first-hand account can be found at this Viewzone Link: Phoenician Stone Walls. More at A Fallen wall - Carpet Stone Floor. See more at More Strange Stones. And more at Close-up View. And Another Close-up.

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Above left is David Campbell beside the fallen smelter wall. Above right is part of the collapsed smelter.

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