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Rainbow Line

~  America's Ancient Skraelings  ~

First People to Inhabit the Eastern Seaboard of USA & Canada

Myth of the non-existent Bering "land bridge"


On Viking Lief Erikson's explortory trip to America he painted a detailed picture of a young Skraeling boy, that showed him wearing brown knickers, and brown vest, a long-sleeved white shirt, white knee-socks and dark shoes. Erikson's American Skraelings "type" shown below.

The Skraelings, whom, the Vikings already seemed to know about, and according to Erikson were the only people living in the eastern areas of America they explored, must have been friendly, because Erikson not only took the time to paint the boy's picture in detail, but he and his crew explored eastern parts of Canada as well; and before leaving felled trees, sailing home with a shipload of timber.

Erikson did not paint the Skraeling as an Inuit, nor an "Indian", but what we recognize as a European-type, with nicely made clothes and haircut. The Skraelings did not dress like the Vikings who wore belted tunics over long full britches tucked into high boots. Viking women dressed the same as the men, because everyone farmed the land -- except on Sundays when they feasted. Then the Viking ladies wore long dresses.

"Skraelings" in old language is described as "writers", "writers on rock", "makes lists" -- (enscribers); and "yelling". Linguists and philologists know the Celts -- Basques had inhabited the Americas because of the stone graffiti they left for others to read. Could the Skraelings' writing have been Ogham or Runes, along with yodels; or perhaps "dog-type" howls/yelps?


British history records that Prince Murdock of Wales also brought his family and multitudinous colonists to America, settling in New England and elsewhere prior to A.D. 1070. Lief Erikson's Vikings had already explored the land nearly two centuries earlier in A.D. 1000, and appeared to know of the Skraelings, calling them "the Enscribers," and the only people inhabiting the areas -- obviously having colonized the areas before Erikson's visit, and well before Prince Murdock's colonists, although the continent had already been well known to the Celts.

Another ancient visitor to the hinterlands of eastern America wrote that the people living there wore white clothes and had blond hair.

The early English settlers, when describing the Shawnees wrote, that because of their keen resemblance to those a man would find on a high-class street in London, or in a Duke's place; and because they also kept the rites of Moons, offered their first fruits, celebrated a feast like the feast of tabernacles, laid their alter on twelve stones, mourned for a year, and kept the same women's customs, they thought they were from Phoenicia. The Shawnees lived about sixty miles inland from Plymouth and up to the Great Lakes areas, and southward to the Appalachians and Gulf coast -- being part of the original Creeks and Algonquians, and not from the later arrivals coming-up from Mexico and South America.

Below are three 1800s, Ohio Shawnees -- Tecumseh on left showing his light grey or bluish eyes; and on the right, a photograph of Tecumseh's exact, spittin'-image grandson wearing deceased Tecumseh's big medal. Next to him is his mother wearing a tiarra-type cap. The Shawnees preferred wearing the same clothes as the Americans, and were also farmers, and hunted -- basically similar culture. Tecumseh had fought heroically in the civil war in the Union Army right alongside the generals and soldiers.

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The Shawnee Elders kept a close watch on Tecumseh's exact, spittin'-image grandson, because Tecumseh had stated before he died (in the war), that he would return. The Elders thought Tecumseh might have returned as his grandson, but no such luck, his grandson did not turn-out to have the same personality traits and temperament as Tecumseh.

When the Pilgrims -- English settlers, arrived in New England two centuries earlier in 1620, they had settled on a vacant area of land that looked good for farming, which they named Plymouth. The people, Pauquunaukit, "Pokanoket" at first had stayed back -- because of previous problems with English seamen -- and watched the settlers from a distance, but when they discovered that many, up to half of them had died from starvation because of the failure of their crops, they intervened. A Pokanoket man named Samoset came to see them.

To their complete surprise, Samoset spoke broken English, which he said he'd learned from English seamen fishing along the coast of Maine. As it turns out back in the early 1500s, before the Pilgrims' arrival, English seamen plying the ocean there, fishing and trading for furs, and hauling timber on their ships, had taken many of them on board, but very serious trouble had occured.

Native American Squanto Not considering the Portugese' African slave-trade, as well as Roman, Spanish, and ancient to modern slaves from wars, and the 12th century Barbary coast pirates and slavers, the 15th century Muslim, Ottoman empire began kidnapping people from coastal lands and islands -- white, tan, brown, black, Christian, even Muslims -- anyone they could capture, and sold them as slaves in other various coastal countries. The Corsair pirates and privateers along the Barbary coast and Morocco also continued the practice of kidnapping for their slave trade with the new, advanced ships designed and built by the English and Dutch.

Native American Squanto This slave trade was then picked-up by a few European and English seaman. The Ottoman empire continued their slave ships right-up into it's demise in the early 20th century. This might partly explain some variable DNA within some cultures, not counting the legitimate immigrants.

The Pilgrims knew about the Pokanoket and their extensive territory before they had arrived, which area had rich soil with which to farm, because the Celts had been making the long sea journeys back and forth since pre-neolithic/Bronze age times. The Pokanoket, who came later than the Skraelings were also considered a most beautiful people, with very civil customs along that sea route, by an Italian sea captain.

Native American Squanto The next day Samoset arrived with another man from nearby Patuxet, Tisquantum,"Squanto" for short, who could speak even better English. Squanto/Tisquantum told the settlers that seven years earlier (in 1613), an English sea captain (Thomas Hunt) had picked him up, and sailed off with him to sell as a slave in Spain/Portugal. From there, he'd been freed, and made his way to France, and to England.

Afterward he sailed on a trip to Newfoundland with a French sea captain, and then back again to England, which he described to a related tribesman as a very awesome place. While traveling with the sea captains, he'd learned to pilot ships, in which he was quite good at, and guided the Pilgrim's ships through the shallow shoals near shore when needed. A sketch of Squanto is at upper left.

Native American Squanto Squanto had lived in London until he finally returned home to Patuxet on another English sea expedition for furs, fish and timber, only to find that his entire Patuxet tribe had been wiped out by a rat-urine virus. The Pilgrims were now living at Plymouth on the vacant area where Squanto's tribal home had once been before the virus. One wonders if the prior viral contamination of the area might have caused some of the settler's own deaths beside starvation?

Squanto told the Pilgrims he'd sailed across the Alantic Ocean four times. He personally showed the Pilgrims the complete, detailed ropes of his Native Patuxet farming, and stayed with them for 20 months until he too, died from the same rat virus and possibly even a sad heart from loosing his entire family and close relatives. He left his personal belongings to special settler friends, and asked to be buried as a Christian. Noting also, that some of Squanto's neighboring, related tribesmen had ancient "Egypto-type" sounding names, but were spelled in an English-style.


Loose Clues..

It is also ancient history that the Celts were sailing back and forth to the Americas, because they were the only ones with great ocean-going ships back in the neolithic age (9,000 BCE), because they were mining and smelting copper ore in Michigan and Great Lakes' areas during those times (Bronze age). They continued coming and going right-up to 55 BCE, when Rome's small, slave-oared galleys' sent by Gaius Caesar to Britain, surrounded and captured their ocean going fleets when the winds suddenly died. The Celts' large ships used sails only, and having no oars were captured. Other battles arose on the island as the Celts attempted to protect themselves from the Roman invaders, but to no avail. Romans with the larger armies then occupied Britain for some 400 years.

The Shang Dynasty Chinese, 1600-1046 BCE, who were also seasoned mariners, and at sometime BCE.sailed to, and settled Mexico, built a settlement along the area where the Panama Canal is now, mapped North America up to the Mississippi River and sailed back to China with the maps, which were found in the Shang Ruler's tomb. Their settlement was later destroyed by an earthquake, but uncovered and dug-up by the canal builders. One such find was a goldsmith's shop with a mural painted on the wall showing the shang Chinese wearing quilted jackets. The Chinese continued their settlements into the Han dynasty and beyond, bringing their jade burial suits.

This information was published, but swept under the rug and forgotten. The South American cousins of the Basque-Celts who had very anciently settle North America, Mexico, South America and the Andes were massacred by later-come Chinese who had climbed the Peruvian mountain, freed their black slaves, and took over all their buildings--renaming the area Ching Ching.


Cherokees -- wore European knickers and vests, above.

Ancient-style Greeks/Creeks/Algonquins, etc. Original Native American dances were danced and sung in ancient "Greek/Slavic," et al. Later, more pot pourri, integrating arrivals were the Shang Chinese, and mixed-races up from South America, Mexico, Balkans, Mideast, Egypt, India, Japan, African slaves and many more were brought over in the great ships, bringing along with them territorial wars.

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Above left, Gorgona, a Kurd Goddess of the Sea.
At right, Dagon, A God of the Babylonians & Philistines/Palestinians.

Vikings were originally Ionian Greeks/Phoenicians, and had been sailing to and from the Americas including Mexico and South America for thousands of years, bringing many people with them as did the Achians/Achaeans. "Apalachians" means "Place of Achians/Achaeans." Achaeans and Phoenicians sailed from Phoenicia's Tyre and Sidon, and colonized the globe.

And nearly 500 years after Lief Erikson, knowing they were heading for the Americas -- not the west Indies as the story given, Columbus had a Basque navigator bring his ships to South America, but because of hardships they made it only to San Salvador Island and back. When Cortez arrived, he wrote that some (white-people--Celts/Basques, etc.,) were "still" there. The Americas were the ancient mariners' (Phoenicians) well-kept secret, and called it, "God's Country."

The Celts-Basques and Chinese (Navahos) living in north America eventually amalgamated with earlier immigrants up from Mexico and South America, along with continual battles for their territories, etc., ad infinitum, eventually faded out of history -- although remnants of their structures (that haven't been plowed-up), along with place names and rock-writings are still found across the country.

Northwest Passage 

Very precariously, in later warmer times and seasons, through craggy bergs and flows, Russian ships brought Russian, Basque and Mongolian whalers, fishermen and trappers. Japanese and Ainu whalers, fishermen and trappers also made trips in their ships -- all, later being called "Inuits" of Alaska, and of northern Canada and the far north-west coasts of America. Their dialects parting down from Russian, Turkic-old Basque/Japanese. No Chinese dialects, and the area under the glaciers and ice, above and around the north pole near Alaska has no land-bridge on which to "walk." It floats

The Shang Chinese, BCE., had been sailing anciently back and forth to Mexico, and South America in their ships. No "walking" over ice-covered Arctic waters or treacherous glaciers and frozen flows necessary, because no post ice-age Bering "land bridge" existed -- only the once glacial-covered ice-age sea, with bergs and ice-sheets. The Aleutian Islands are small protruding islands surrounded by deep seas many miles apart, extending from Russia to Alaska. Island hopping in ships available.

Now, one does wonder who would take to hiking and climbing glaciers with or without sleds, dogs, children, and old Northwest 
Passage Shipsfolks over hundreds to thousands of miles of frozen Arctic ice sheets, glaciers, and snow from a below zero, frozen Siberia -- to exactly what? More frozen, below zero, Arctic glaciers, ice sheets and snow? Who would even attempt to sail ships, (yes, they had sailing vessels) boats, canoes or kayaks around, or through large ice bergs and opening and closing ice flows and frozen waters until more recent, temporary seasonal global-warming melt-downs permitted? Even "Inuits" Couldn't chase down polar bears until there was fairly"inhabitable" weather, polar bears surviving in the areas, and clear areas on which to do so.

Sailors in more modern, warmer times, with fairly modern ships during 1845, in the HMS Erebus & HMS Terror, Arctic Quest starved and froze to death while attempting to find, and cross the North-West passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic between Russia and Canada. No hiking between Siberia, which is in Russia, and Alaska even then. But an Inuit legend helped to find the two ships now sunken below ice filled waters. See video above:

Page with Artic Quest story.

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